There is increasing scientific consensus that genetics play a role in periodontal disease. How ones gums react to bacteria in the mouth is variable depending on genetic factors. However, bacteria are still considered the primary cause for gum disease.
Frequently, bleeding gums (while brushing/flossing or spontaneously) are one of the initial signs. There also may be tenderness in the gums and/or a change in colour. Breath malodor may also be a sign. However, it is not uncommon to have minimal or a lack of any obvious signs. Therefore, it is important to maintain regular cleaning appointments with your family dentist.
The referral process is often initiated by your family dentist. This may be in response to increase in pocket depths, inflammation (bleeding gums), receding gums, bone loss on xrays, etc., as noted by your dentist and/or dental hygienist.
For most people, a checkup and cleaning every 6 months is standard protocol. Depending on a person's dental health, however, a dental cleaning every 3 to 4 months may be recommended.
Adults past the age of 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by carefully cleaning your teeth daily, and by having regular professional examinations and cleanings.
Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease.
Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
Read through our web site for additional information on other important factors affecting the health of your teeth and gums.